General Shop

  • Lockers area is neat and clean

  • Aisles are properly indicated, and aisles, passageways and corridors are free of obstructions

  • Safety lanes are provided around power and non-powered stationary tools-

  • Safety areas are marked around stationary tools

  • Condition of floors maintained in a clean and dry condition (no water or oil) and free from obstructions and debris

  • Extension cords and air hoses are stored when not in use. (no trip hazard)

  • Ventilation is proper and adequate for the lab

  • Illumination is adequate. Good shadow free lighting is required (30 footcandles (fc) general area, 50 fc on work areas, 100 fc for delicate repair work)

  • Lead acid battery charging area will provide facilities for flushing and neutralizing electrolyte

  • Every opening, floor or platform 4 ft. or more above ground level has a standard guard rail 42" high with an intermediate rail and a toe board of at least 4 in. above the floor. Rail must withstand 200# thrust

  • All stairways having more than four (4) risers have a standard hand railing 30" – 34” high

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

  • Safety glasses are required (warnings posted)

  • Bump hats or hard hats are available for appropriate applications

  • Toe guards are available for appropriate applications

  • Hearing protection is provided for use of tools exceeding 85 db

  • Respirators (dust masks) are provided in dusty areas

  • Face shields are provided at every power tool

Fire and Exits

  • Exit signs are visible and directional exit signs provided. Exit signs have letters 6" high, 3/4" strip and 5 candlepower illumination

  • Exit doors and access to exits are not locked from exit side

  • Non-exit doors are clearly identified "not an exit" or otherwise labeled for use

  • A fire alarm is provided

  • Fire extinguishers are of the proper type for the location. Class A fire - wood, paper, cloth and rubber-foam and dry chemical recommended. Class B fire - flammable liquid, gas, and grease - dry chemical, CO2 and foam recommended. Class C fire - energized electrical – dry chemical & CO2 recommended. Class D fire - combustible metals specific for the chemical.

  • Fire extinguishers adequately located. Maximum height 5', if under 40#, 3 1/2' if over 40#.

  • Fire extinguishers tested yearly.

General Machinery and Tools

  • Working surfaces of machines are free of debris and materials

  • All stationary tools are anchored to the floor

  • Machinery guards are in place and operational

  • Stationary machines are arranged so that individuals are protected from hazards of other machines

  • Non-skid surfaces provided at power tools on smooth floors

  • Tools are stored neatly when not in use

  • Tools are kept sharp, clean, and in good working order

  • Portable tool cords are in good condition

  • Drill presses are equipped with clamps or vises

  • Bench brushes are provided to remove chips from drill presses

  • Shears are shielded

  • All gears, moving belts, chains, and shafts, etc., are protected by permanent guards

  • Chop saws are properly guarded, clamp is working, and sparks are directed away from other students

First Aid, Safety Equipment, and Sanitation

  • A trained person (or persons) is available to render first aid

  • First aid supplies approved by the health department

  • First aid supplies are well stocked and readily available

  • Fire blankets are readily available

  • Eye wash station is provided

  • Washing facilities are provided and properly maintained

  • Restroom and dressing facilities are provided

Materials Storage

  • Pressure safety cans are used for flammable or combustible liquids

  • Combustible wastes are kept in approved self-closing covered metal containers

  • A fire resistive cabinet is used to store flammable liquids

  • Stored wood stacked safely and solidly so it will not fall

  • Stored metal stored in racks safely and solidly so it will not fall

  • SDS sheets are available and clearly marked for all materials found in the shop. (For example, welding gas, fuel, welding rod.)


  • All ladders are in good repair and stored properly. Ladders not exposed to elements, heat and dampness, hung horizontally,

  • All portable ladders have safety feet

  • All fixed ladders meet design specifications. Rung to back clearance - 7 in., max. rung spacing - 12 in., caged if more than 20 ft. to a max. of 30 ft


  • A keyed master disconnect switch for all power tools

  • Electrical cabinets and power room is accessible only to authorized personnel

  • Circuit breakers and disconnects are clearly labeled

  • All electrical receptacles, junction boxes and switch boxes are properly covered

  • All electrical outlets and fixtures are grounded

  • All stationary power tools and equipment are grounded

  • All extension cords are grounded. Cords of J wire grounding type

  • Portable power tools are grounded or tools are double insulated.

  • All electrical disconnects are identified (circuit breakers, fuse boxes, etc.) in boxes

  • The signal units for heating, ventilating and air-conditioning are operational

  • Overcurrent devices are provided on all electrical loads


  • Safety hooks are used on all chains and lifting devices

  • Rated load plainly marked on the side of lifting equipment

  • Stands are provided to block raised equipment

Compressed Air

  • Compressed air plumbing is steel or copper (L or M) not PVC

  • Hoses are in good condition

  • Air used for cleaning is regulated to not more than 30 psi and chip guarded

  • Safety valve in the air line is in good working order

  • There are pressure gauges on the air lines

  • Air compressor is drained frequently

  • Air compressor fans and flywheels within 7 ft. of the floor are guarded with a guard having holes not greater than 1/2 in. in width. Compressor is placarded as “automatic equipment”

Battery Powered Tools

  • Batteries are in good condition (no damage)

  • Batteries are marked with a purchase date

  • Batteries are stored safely

  • Charging stations are neat and well ventilated (cooling)

Woodworking Equipment

  • Saw blades and cutterheads are sharp and in good condition

  • Push sticks or push blocks are available

  • The table saw is equipped with a guard, anti-kickback and spreader

  • The band saw has an adjustable guard above the blade rolls and the blade wheels are covered

  • The jointer has a working automatic guard covering all sections of the cutting head

  • Power miter saw is in good working condition. Guards work smoothly. Saw is secured to a bench or stand

  • The radial arm saw is equipped with hood guard, anti-kickback, rotation sign, automatic return, and table extension or stop

  • All saws have roller units or stands to assist moving material to the saw and removal after cutting

  • Dust control/collection system is operational and used


  • The grinder has a safety guard at the point of operation

  • The grinder has guards to cover the spindle ends, nuts and flanges

  • The work rests are adjusted to within 1/8 inch of the grinding wheel

  • The adjustable tongue guard or spark deflector on grinder is adjusted to within 1/4" of the grinder wheel

  • Maximum periphery exposure for a stationary grinder is 65 degrees. (Exposed distance between tool rest and tongue guard or spark deflector.)

  • Grinding wheel of the right type and in good condition with no cracks, wheel diameter over half -of original size

  • Cooling container nearby and filled

  • Wheel dresser available

  • All portable grinders and saws have proper shielding in position. Power cords in good condition

  • The forge or small furnace is adequately vented

Arc Welding

  • Adequate ventilation is provided for the dissipation of exhaust gases and welding fumes

  • Arc welder cables are not worn or damaged

  • Electrode holders are in proper condition to avoid exposure to electrical connections

  • Electrode holders are hung up and so placed and fastened securely to the cable that they do not make electrical contact

  • Arc welding helmets with tempered safety glass of the proper shade are in good condition

  • Shielded metal-arc welding (SMAW)1/16 - 5/32 electrodes No.10

  • TGAW 1/16 - 5/32 electrodes No. 11-12

  • Gas-shielded ferrous arc welding (GMAW) 1/16 -5/32 No. 12

  • Carbon arc. No. 14

  • Fire resistant curtains or shields are used around arc welding areas or booths

  • The floor in the welding area is kept dry and free of combustible materials

  • Protective gloves are provided and are in good condition

  • Protective clothing such as jackets, sleeves, or capes are provided for out of position welding

  • Shade 3-5 goggle or face shields are provided for plasma cutting

  • Gas cylinders are secured

  • Gas cylinders valves are closed when not in use

Compressed Gas Storage

  • Compressed gas cylinders are chained or secured in place

  • The protective cap is in place on all stored cylinders

  • Combustible compressed gas and oxygen cylinders are separated by at least 20 ft. or a 5 ft. high wall of 1/2 hr. heat barrier

  • Empty and full cylinders are labeled

Gas Welding

  • Portable gas welding equipment has the cylinder valves turned off when not in use

  • Portable gas welding equipment cylinders are secured

  • Gas welding goggles with tempered safety glass of the proper shade are in good condition

  • Torch brazing No.3 or 4

  • Light cutting to 1 in. No.3 or 4

  • Gas welding (light) up to 1/8 in. No.4 or 5

  • Gas welding (med.) 1/8 - 1/2 in. No.5

  • Oxyacetylene manifold welding systems have been installed according to the N.F.P.A. Shut off valves are working

  • Anti-flashback systems are in place and operational


  • Paint spray booth has adequate ventilation

  • Paint spray booth has proper lighting

  • Explosion proof wiring within 20 feet of spray paint booth

  • No open flames within 20 feet of opening of spray paint booth

  • Spray paint area not littered with combustible materials

Student Dress (if students are present)

  • Rings and other jewelry are removed when working in the shop

  • All clothing worn is free from loose sleeves, flopping ties, loose coats. etc

  • Long hair is tied back

  • Shoes cover feet (closed toe). Leather is required for welding

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