• To prevent falls from ladders, make sure your have the following controls in place:

    Use only ladders that are in good condition and designed to handle the climbing job that needs to be done.
    Train employees on proper ladder use.
    Make proper ladder use a performance requirement for the job.
    Require employees to complete a ladder inspection before each use.

Criteria for Ladder Purchase and Care

  • Check regulatory standards for the type of ladder you are using.

  • Use only approved ladders.

  • Protect wood ladders with a clear sealer, such as varnish, shellac, linseed oil or wood preservative because paint can hide defects.

Ladder Usage

  • Be sure step ladders are fully open and locked before climbing them.

  • Place ladder on a flat, secure surface.

  • Place ladder on a hard surface as it will sink into a soft surface.

  • Place ladder on non-movable base.

  • Lean ladder against a secure surface, not boxes or barrels.

  • Do not place ladder in front of a door.

  • Position base of ladder one foot away for every four feet of height to where it rests (1:4 ratio).

  • Ladder rails should extend at least three feet above top landing.

  • Check shoes to ensure they are free of grease or mud.

  • Mount the ladder from the center, not from the side.

  • Face ladder when ascending or descending, and hold on with both hands.

  • Carry tools in pockets, in a bag attached to a belt, or raised and lowered by rope.

  • Don’t climb higher than the third rung from the top.

  • Work facing the ladder.

  • Do not overreach, always keep your torso between the ladder rails.

  • When using ladder for high places, securely lash or fasten the ladder to prevent slipping.

  • Avoid outdoor ladder use on windy days.

  • Avoid aluminum ladders if work must be done around electrical wires or power lines.


  • List recommendations here


  • Full Name and Signature of Inspector

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