The OSHA form is a way for businesses and employees to report and keep a record of injuries and accidents in work. This information is used to understand what the injury was, how it occurred and the resulting consequence such as time away from work.
The information recorded through OSHA forms is invaluable for recordkeeping. It enables multiple parties such as employees and OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) to understand how safe a working environment is. As a business it is a great way to keep a digital-trail of your workplace injuries and evaluate the safety of your environments to help identify, rectify and prevent failures in safety protocols.
The OSHA standards stipulate you should report on all significant injuries or illness including fatalities which led to: death, time off work, restricted duties, medical treatment and or loss of consciousness. If the said incident meets the criteria your OSHA form should typically cover: employee information, when and where the incident happened, what happened, outcome of incident such as days of work or on restricted duties and classification as an injury or illness against OSHA criteria.
The OSHA form is industry agnostic and is required to be used by all businesses with over 10 employees in the US for non-minor injuries.