3.1 Planning And inspection

  • 3.1.1 All ground and civil works must be assessed and the safest practical means employed. All work must be carried out as per the requirements of High Risk Activities (P&D GMR 4). Before any work commences an appropriate PTW must be in place and approved by the appropriate person as per the limits of authority.

  • Add media

  • 3.1.2 Existing drawings and / or cat scanner and any other suitable tool must be used to locate and mark underground services before works commence. Where uncertainty exists regarding the location of services hand digging must be used.

  • Add media

  • 3.1.3 All works must be regularly inspected by a competent person, within the frequency determined by risk assessment. Additional inspections must be made after every rainstorm or other event which could impact on the stability or any other hazard associated with the ground works.

  • Add media

3.2 Excavations, Piling and Tunneling.

  • 3.2.1 Excavations must be benched, shored or battered back / sloped to a safe Angela's determined by the relevant engineer in the excavation design process.

  • Add media

  • 3.2.2 Adjacent structures, roads and sidewalks must be supported or protected where necessary to prevent collapse.

  • Add media

  • 3.2.3 Materials and equipment must be placed at a safe distance from the edge of excavations.

  • Add media

  • 3.2.4 Adequate signage, barriers and lighting must be provided to prevent falls into excavations, especially of plant working on those excavations and of vehicles or plant from adjacent thoroughfares. Temporary stairs should be installed to provide safe access into excavations where appropriate and should be at 9 metre intervals or less.

  • Add media

  • 3.2.5 Water ingress into excavations must be controlled to ensure stability and where water is present in deep excavations and tunnels an appropriate dewatering program must be in place.

  • Add media

  • 3.2.6 Appropriate ventilation, fresh air systems and extraction must be provided for all tunnelling and or other enclosed ground and civil works. Equipment used for these works should be chosen to minimise the exhaust produced. The requirements of construction physical GMR 6.4 Confined Spaces must also be met.

  • Add media

3.3 Works around water

  • 3.3.1 Where water is present measures must be taken to prevent drowning. Where working adjacent to water, personnel should wear life jackets. Rescue equipment, such as a safety boat and or life buoys with lifelines attached, must be kept ready for immediate use.

  • Add media

3.4 Spoil Management

  • 3.4.1 Any material removed during excavation or tunnelling, including any waste material, topsoil for stockpiling or mined ore, must be safely placed and stored.

  • Add media

3.5 Safe use of plant

  • 3.5.1 Effective measures must be in place for managing the use of mobile plant used for ground and civil works, including Bobcats, excavators, backhoes, graders, scrapers, bulldozers, dump trucks, rollers and compactors to ensure that the work is planned and conducted in accordance with the requirements for high risk activities (P&D GMR 4). All plant must be used for the purpose for which it was designed and in line with the manufacturer instructions.

  • Add media

  • 3.5.2 All plant operators must be competent (Certified/Licenced) to operate the plant they are assigned to and checks must be made to ensure the compliance of with respect to specific vehicle, the site conditions and the work to be completed.

  • Add media

  • 3.5.3 All mobile plant must be fitted with protection where their is a risk of rollover, tip over or falling objects (e.g. Loading / unloading, work on stockpiles or steep inclines, work below other material or activities) or where manufacturers specifications require it. Seat belts must also be fitted to protect the driver/operator in the event the vehicle/plant rolls over. In the event of a roll over, tip over or falling objects damage, the protection must be recertified or replaced before further use.

  • Add media

  • 3.5.4 A safe means of access should be in place as per manufacturers design for plant cab (like built in ladders, stairs, steps etc.) to eliminate the risk of falls from height.

  • Add media

  • 3.5.5 All mobile plant must be equipped with appropriate visual and audible warning equipment, such as flashing lights and horns.

  • Add media

  • 3.5.6 All operator mobile phones (or other personal electronic equipment such as music players) must be turned off when plant is in use.

  • Add media

  • 3.5.7 Minimum clearance distances for overhead cables must be clearly identified with controls in place to prevent plant coming into contact with these cables.

  • Add media

  • 3.5.8 Drivers of mobile plant should be provided with competent signallers as necessary.

  • Add media

  • 3.5.9 All plant must be appropriately braked and or chocked and or stabilised when parked

  • Add media

  • 3.5.10 Any access ramps used by plant must be of appropriate construction and strength for the plant using it, and must be of sufficient width and appropriate slope to allow the plant to use the ramp safely.

  • Add media

  • 3.5.11 Pedestrian exclusion zones must be established and maintained around operating plant where their is a risk of workers being struck. The specific exclusion zones for stationary but operating plant (for example an excavator with its bucket in use) must be clearly identified for each type of plant and appropriate exclusion zone, preferably a physical barrier put in place.

  • Add media

  • 3.5.12 All items of plant must be fitted with appropriate guarding or physical barriers to prevent unintended access and contact with moving parts.

  • Add media

3.6 Maintenance of plant

  • 3.6.1 an effective inspection, testing and preventative maintenance regime must be implemented covering all plant and equipment for ground and civil works. It must include a process to record and remedy any identified deficiencies, as well as to tag tools and equipment and should align with manufacturers guidelines. All inspection, testing and maintenance must be planned and conducted in accordance with the requirements for high risk activities (P&D GMR 4.

  • Add media

The templates available in our Public Library have been created by our customers and employees to help get you started using SafetyCulture's solutions. The templates are intended to be used as hypothetical examples only and should not be used as a substitute for professional advice. You should seek your own professional advice to determine if the use of a template is permissible in your workplace or jurisdiction. Any ratings or scores displayed in our Public Library have not been verified by SafetyCulture for accuracy. Users of our platform may provide a rating or score that is incorrect or misleading. You should independently determine whether the template is suitable for your circumstances. You can use our Public Library to search based on criteria such as industry and subject matter. Search results are based on their relevance to your search and other criteria. We may feature checklists based on subject matters we think may be of interest to our customers.