Reading Literature

  • Cite strong and thorough evidence to support analysis of the text including where the text leaves matters uncertain.

  • Determine two or more themes or central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of a text.

  • Analyze the impact of author's choices regarding how to develop and relate elements of a story or drama.

  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone.

  • Analyze how an author's choices concerning how to structure specific parts of a text contribute to its overall structure and meaning as well as its aesthetic impact.

  • Analyze a case in which grasping a point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated from what is really meant.

  • Analyze multiple interpretations of a story, drama or poem, evaluation hwo each version interprets the source text.

  • Demonstrate knowledge of 18th, 19th, and early 20th century foundational works of American literature.

  • Read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems of appropriate complexity.

Reading informational texts

  • Cite strong and thorough evidence to support analysis of the text including where the text leaves matters uncertain.

  • Determine two or more themes or central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of a text.

  • Analyze a complex set of ideas or sequences of events and explain how specific individuals, ideas, or events interact and develop.

  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meaning; analyze how an author uses and refines the meaning of terms.

  • Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the structure an author uses in his or her exposition or argument, including whether the structure makes points clear, convincing, and engaging.

  • Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text in which rhetoric is particularly effective, analyzing how style and content contribute to the power, persuasiveness or beauty of the text.

  • Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in different media or formats as well as in words in order to address a question or solve a problem.

  • Delineate and evaluate the reasoning in seminal U.S. texts, including the application of constitutional princilples and use of legal reasonign and the premises, purposes, and arguments in work of public advocacy.

  • Analyze 17th, 18th, and 19th century foundational U.S. documents of historical and literary significance for their themes, purposes, and rhetorical features.

  • Read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 11-CCR text complexity band proficiently.


  • Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

  • Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately.

  • Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well structured event sequences.

  • Use technology to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products in response to ongoing feedback.

  • Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience.

  • Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

  • Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.

  • Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the strengths and limitations of each source in terms of the task, purpose, and audience; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas.

  • Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

  • Write routinely over extended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of discipline-specifics tasks, purposes, and audiences.

Speaking and Listening

  • Initiate and participate effectively in a range of group discussions with diverse partners on grade 11-12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

  • Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media in order to make informed decisions and solve problems, evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source and noting any discrepancies.

  • Evaluate a speaker's point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence rhetoric, assessing the stance, premises, links among ideas, word choice, points of emphasis, and tone used.

  • Present information, findings, and supporting evidence, conveying a clear and distince perspective, such as that listeners can follow the line of reasoning, alternative or opposing perspectives are addressed.

  • Make strategic use of digital media in presentations to enhance the understanding of findings reasoning and evidence to add interest.

  • Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating a command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

Language Standards

  • Demonstrate command of conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

  • Apply knowledge of languages to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.

  • Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown or multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 11-12 reading and content.

  • Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. Acquire and use accurate academic and domain-specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge.

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