1.0 - EXIT LIGHTING- (OSHA 1910.37(b)) NFPA 101 Life Safety Code

  • 1.1 - All exit signs illuminated and remain illuminated when battery tested?

  • 1.2 All exit signs free of damage?

  • 1.3 Proof of emergency light test?

  • 1.4 Exit route door free of decorations or signs that obscure the visibility of the exit route?

  • 1.5 All non exit doors that could be mistaken for an exit marked “Not an Exit”?


  • 2.1 Are all walkways and aisle ways free of obstructions?

  • 2.2 Are all exits free of storage and clutter?

  • 2.3 Are stairwells and corridors free of storage and clutter?

  • 2.4 Are all employees trained on Emergency Evacuation Procedures?

  • 2.5 Are all employees aware of the proper meeting location in the event of an emergency?

  • 2.6 Are all materials stored in racks wrapped and stable to prevent falling?

  • 2.7 Is the first aid kit cabinet fully stocked?

  • 2.8 Are all manual pull stations unobstructed and accessible?

  • 2.9 Is there anything else relating to emergency preparedness that needs attention at this time?


  • 3.1 Electrical panels in good conditions?

  • 3.2 No holes in boxes, panels or missing KO plugs?

  • 3.3 No missing breakers w/o blank filler?

  • 3.4 Legible panel directory in each panel?

  • 3.5 Are panels locked and secured?

  • 3.6 Are all circuit breakers or fuses labeled with the area that they protect?

  • 3.7 There is storage material with three feet of the panel?

  • 3.8 Is there evidence of charring, in or around the panel?

  • 3.9 All electrical boxes containing switches, outlets, lights, etc. are covered with the appropriate faceplate and securely fastened to a fixed object?

  • 3.10 All energized components are properly grounded?

  • 3.11 GFCI in place?

4.0 - General: Applies to all Powered Machinery (OSHA 1910.132, 1910.212, 1910.147, NFPA 79)

  • 4.1 -Anchor equipment if it has provisions to be anchored (brackets, holes in base, etc.).

  • 4.2 - On/Off / E Stop controls must be accessible for operator’s position while running equipment (without having to reach past moving machine parts such as spindles).
    - On/cycle controls should be green or black
    - Off/Stop/E Stop should be red.

  • 4.3 Switches, controls and lights must be clearly labeled and operational.

  • 4.4 Wiring is in good condition and no open electrical boxes or conduits. Permanent wiring should be used whenever feasible. (Not extension cords).

  • 4.5 Equipment should be properly grounded. (Unless it is a double insulted tool).

  • 4.6. GFCI is used in damp or wet areas.

  • 4.7. Protect operating controls from accidental actuation (ring guards or collars) and cover foot switches/pedals (top and two sides minimum).
    Standard NEC 110.12(A)

  • 4.8. Anti-restart protection is provided (magnetic starter or other device) so that equipment will not automatically restart after power failure.

  • 4.9. Method for disconnecting power sources (electrical, pneumatic, hydraulic, etc.) may be disconnected box(es), vowels or electrical plugs. Residual or stored power (if any) needs to be dissipated before repairs are made.

  • 4.10. Lockout/ tagout program addresses equipment (specific procedures are needed in general policies are not sufficient). Cord connected equipment may be unplugged and the plug may be placed into a locked container or kept under the exclusive control of the associate -- within their sight and reach.

  • 4.11. Guard point of operation and potential nip points formed by rotating belts, pulleys, chains, gears, shaft ends, non-smooth shafts and couplings, etc. (within seven feet from the floor or from door platform - if higher). Examples: motor drive belts on saws, top belt on older drill presses, etc.

  • 4.12. Document periodic safety inspections of equipment (frequency depends upon manufacturer’s guidelines and use of equipment). Machine guards, devices, controls and interlocks should be in good condition and operational.

  • 4.13. Document associate training regarding the safe use and repair of the equipment.

  • 4.14. Written PPE assessment to determine appropriate safety equipment for specific machinery.

  • 4.15. Evaluate using fixtures, hand tools, push sticks/blocks, etc. to feed stock (examples –table and band saws, etc.)

  • 4.16. Evaluate the need for caution, warning and/or danger signs.

  • 4.17. Other factors that should be considered - ergonomics material handling, layout of equipment, lighting, noise, dust, chemicals, housekeeping, etc.)

5.0 - Drill Presses/Pedestal Drills (1910.212; ANSI b11.8)

  • 5.1 Ship shield to control flying ships, coolant and rotating parts may be mounted to a drill machine frame or have a magnetic base. Alternative colon telescoping drill bit shield made clogged with scrap and maybe more difficult to see part being drilled

6.0 - Bench Grinders/Pedestal Grinders (1910.215; ANSI B11.9)

  • 6.1 Tool rest adjusted to within 1/8” of grinding wheel and in good condition?

  • 6.2. Eye shields (if originally provided with grinder) in good condition (clean and not broken) in properly position. Written PPE assessment will determine if eye glasses, goggles and/or face shields are necessary (with or without grinder eye shields).

  • 6.3. Tongue guards (if originally provided with grinder) in good condition and adjusted to within ¼” of grinding wheel (helps prevent chips, sparks and wheel fragments from accidentally striking associates).

  • 6.4 Side wheel guards (if grinding is not done on side of wheels --special wheels must be used for side grinding).

  • 6.5. Ring testing of grinding wheels before installing and using them?

  • 6.6. Use of proper wheels, flanges and bladders for type of grinding and speed (do not exceed recommended will max. speed.).

  • 6.7. Proper storage of grinding wheels (according to manufacturer's guidelines).

7.0 - Lathes (1910.213; ANSI B11.6)

  • 7.1 Chuck shield is used to protect against access to rotating chuck (electrical interlocking is optional and not normally required).

  • 7.2 Chip shield to control flying chips, coolant, and rotating parts at the point of operation. May be a separate magnetic base shield or a larger hinging /sliding shield that protects both the chuck and point of operation.

  • 7.3 Spring- loaded or self- ejecting chuck wrench used with manually adjusted chucks?

  • 7.4 Evaluate if larger shields are needed to protect aisles, sides or the rear of the lathe from flying chips and coolant.)

  • 7.5 Use long curved guards over the top of the lathe if it is used for turning long pieces of wood and the wood is held only between the two centers.

8.0 Belt Sander (1910.213; ANSI O1.1)

  • 8.1 Guard eating it point where the belt runs into a pulley.

  • 8.2 Guard the unused portion of the Bells.

9.0 Milling Machines (1910.212; ANSI B11.8)

  • 9.1 Side belt cover on top portion of older Bridgeport Milling machines to enclose belts and sheaves.

  • 9.2 Chip shield used to control flying ships, coolant and rotating parts at the point of operation. May be a separate magnetic base shield or a larger shield that encloses the front, sides and rear of the machine.

10.0 - Disk Sander/Drum Sander (1910.213; ANSI O1.1)

  • 10.1 Exhaust hood or other guard should be used to enclose the revolving disk or drum, except for the portion above the work support table (if table is used).

11.0 - Band saw (Metal—1910.212, ANSI B11.10; Wood – 1910.213)

  • 11.1 Enclose the entire Bandsaw blade except for the portion needed for cutting (point of operation). This includes the upper and lower wheel and rear of the saw. An adjustable blade guard should enclose the upper portion of the blade (enclosing at least front and outer side --all four sides of the blade is preferable). Also ensure that the blade is enclosed underneath the cutting table

  • 11.2 Evaluate using a chip Shield to control flying particles.

  • 11.3 Tension control should exist to assist in preventing saw blade breakage.

  • 11.4 Evaluate using a fixture and/ or push block to feed materials.

12.0 - Radial Saw (Metal—1910.212, ANSI B11.10; Wood—1910.213)

  • 12.1 Guard blade-- upper portion of blade including arbor must be guarded on both sides. Lower half of blade must have a self- adjusting guard on both sides

  • 12.2 - Non- Kickback fingers or dogs on both sides of the saw must be used when the radial saw is used for ripping.

  • 12.3 Adjustable stop is provided and adjusted so that the blade does not travel forward pass the position to complete the cut.

  • 12.4 Cutting the head will return to its starting position if it is released by the operator (can be done with gravity, spring-loaded retraction cable and reel or with a counterweight and cable).

  • 12.5 Direction of the saw rotation must be marked on the hood (arrow can be used). Note: ripping and ploughing must be against the direction of saw rotation.

  • 12.6 Evaluate if an electric motor brake is feasible if the blade coasts for a long time after it is shut off.

13.0 Cut-Off Saw (Metal-1910.212, ANSI B11.10; Wood—1910.214, ANSI O1.1)

  • 13.1 Enclose the entire saw blade except for the portion needed for cutting (point of operation). This includes the left and right wheel and top of the saw. Adjustable blade guards are normally used to enclose the unused portions of the blade (right and left of point of operation).

14.0 - Table Saw (1910.213, ANSI O1.1)

  • 14.1 Hood guard that encloses a saw blade above the table and self-adjusts to enclose blade above the material being cut?

  • 14.2 Spreader that prevents material from squeezing the saw blade or being thrown back towards the operator (not needed for grooving, or rabbeting

  • 14.3 A fence and non-kickback fingers or dogs should be used for ripping.

  • 14.4 Combs (feather boards) are suitable jigs should be used when a standard guard cannot -- such as grooving, jointing, molding and rabbeting.

  • 14.5 Evaluate if a push stick should be used to feed small stock.

  • 14.6 Evaluate if an electric motor brake is feasible if the blade coasts for a long time after it is shut off.

15.0 Powered Shear (1910.212; ANSI B11.4)

  • 15.1 Point of operation guards (properly adjusted) on the front of the shear that extends the entire width of the front feed opening. And awareness barrier may be needed if thick material is fed and the guard opening is larger than normally allowable. Hand tools maybe use for handling parts, but they do not eliminate the need for other safeguards.

  • 15.2 Other Safeguarding options include
    - Full revolution shares may use pullbacks, restraints or gates
    -Part revolution shares may use light curtain - sensing devices are two hand controls?

  • 15.3 Full revolution clutches: If the shear is used in a single stroke operation, it must have a single stroke mechanism or trip control system. It must also have an anti-repeat feature. If the shear has more than one mode of operation (example: off, jog, single stroke, continuous), the selection shall be capable of being supervised by the employer (example: key operated switch).

  • 15.4 Part Revolution clutches: If the shear is used in a single stroke operation, it must have a single stroke mechanism or trip-control system. It must also have an anti-repeat feature. If the shear has more than one mode of operation (example: off, inch, single stroke, continuous), the selection shall be capable of being supervised by the employer (example: key operated switch).

  • 15.5 Springs used for single stroke mechanisms, foot pedals or treadles shall be of the compression type, operating on a rod, or guided within a hole or tube.

  • 15.6 Hand lever actuated shears shall have a spring latch on the lever to prevent accidental tripping.

  • 15.7 Access to the rear of the shear should be controlled. (Examples: chain with the sign, barrier with sign, interlocked gate, etc.)?

  • Special Notes:


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