BRC Section 2.1 THE HACCP FOOD SAFETY TEAM - CODEX ALIMENTARIUS STEP 1

  • 2.1.1 - The HACCP plan shall be developed and managed by a multi-disciplinary food safety team that includes those responsible for Quality/Technical, Production Operations, Engineering, and other relevant functions.

    The team leader shall have an in-depth knowledge of HACCP and be able to demonstrate competence and experience.

    The team members shall have specific knowledge of HACCP and relevant knowledge of product, process, and associated hazards.

    In the event of the site not having appropriate in-house knowledge, external expertise may be used, but day-to-day management of the food safety system shall remain the responsibility of the company.

  • 2.1.2 - The scope of each HACCP plan, including the products and processes covered, shall be defined.

2.2 PREREQUISITE PROGRAMS

  • 2.2.1 - The site shall establish and maintain environmental and operational programs necessary to create an environment suitable to produce safe and legal food products (prerequisite programs). As a guide these may include the following, although this is not an exhaustive list:

    - Cleaning and sanitizing
    - Pest control
    - Maintenance programs for equipment and buildings
    - Personal hygiene requirements
    - Staff training
    - Purchasing
    - Transportation arrangements
    - Processes to prevent cross-contamination
    - Allergen controls

    The control measures and monitoring procedures for the prerequisite programs must be clearly documented and shall be included within the development and reviews of the HACCP program.

2.3 DESCRIBE THE PRODUCT - CODEX ALIMENTARIUS STEP 2

  • 2.3.1 - A full description for each product or group of products shall be developed, which includes all relevant information on food safety. As a guide, this may include the following, although this is not a n exhaustive list:
    - Composition, (e.g., raw materials, ingredients, allergens, recipe).
    - Origin of ingredients
    - Physical or chemical properties that impact food safety (e.g., pH, aw)
    - Treatment and processing (e.g., cooking, cooling)
    - Packaging system, (e.g., modified atmosphere, vacuum)
    - Storage and distribution conditions, (e.g., chilled, ambient)
    - Target safe shelf life under prescribed storage and usage conditions.

  • 2.3.2 - All relevant information needed to conduct the hazard analysis shall be collected, maintained, documented, and updated. The company will ensure that the HACCP plan is based on comprehensive information sources, which are referenced and available on request. As a guide, this may include the following, although this is not an exhaustive list:

    - The latest scientific literature
    - Historical and known hazards associated with specific food products
    - Relevant codes of practice
    - Recognized guidelines
    - Food safety legislation relevant for the production and sale of products
    - Customer requirements.

2.4 IDENTIFY INTENDED USE - CODEX ALIMENTARIUS STEP 3

  • 2.4.1 - The intended use of the product by the customer and any known alternative use shall be described, defining the consumer target groups, including the suitability of the product for vulnerable groups of the population (e.g., infants, elderly, allergy sufferers).-industry codes of practice,
    -new risks to authenticity of raw material
    -all relevant legislation applicable in the country of raw material supply, production, and, where known, the country where the product will be sold.

2.5 CONSTRUCT A PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM - CODEX ALIMENTARIUS STEP 4

  • 2.5.1 - A flow diagram shall be prepared to cover each product, product category, or process. This shall set out all aspects of the food process operation within the HACCP scope, from raw material receipt through to processing, storage, and distribution. As a guide, this should include the following, although this is not an exhaustive list:

    - Plan of premises and equipment layout
    - Raw materials including introduction of utilities and other contact materials, e.g., water, packaging
    - Sequence and interaction of all process steps
    - Outsourced processes and subcontracted work
    - Potential for process delay
    - Rework and recycling
    - Low-risk/high-risk/high-care area segregation
    - Finished products, intermediate/semi processed products, by-products, and waste.

2.6 VERIFY FLOW DIAGRAM - CODEX ALIMENTARIUS STEP 5

  • 2.6.1 - The HACCP food safety team shall verify the accuracy of the flow diagrams by on-site audit and challenge at least annually. Daily and seasonal variations shall be considered and evaluated. Records of verification of flow diagrams shall be maintained.

2.7 LIST ALL POTENTIAL HAZARDS ASSOCIATED WITH EACH PROCESS STEP, CONDUCT A HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CONSIDER ANY MEASURES TO CONTROL IDENTIFIED HAZARDS - CODEX ALIMENTARIUS STEP 6, PRINCIPLE 1

  • 2.7.1 - The HACCP food safety team shall identify and record all the potential hazards that are reasonably expected to occur at each step in relation to product, process, and facilities. This shall include hazards present in raw materials, those introduced during the process or surviving the process steps, and allergen risks (refer to clause 5.3). It shall also take account of the preceding and following steps in the process chain.

  • 2.7.2 - The HACCP food safety team shall conduct a hazard analysis to identify hazards which need to be prevented, eliminated, or reduced to acceptable levels. Consideration shall be given to the following:

    - Likely occurrence of hazard
    - Severity of the effects on consumer safety
    - Vulnerability of those exposed
    - Survival and multiplication of micro-organisms of specific concern to the product
    - Presence or production of toxins, chemicals, or foreign bodies
    - Contamination of raw materials, intermediate/semi processed product, or finished product.

    Where elimination of the hazard is not practical, justification for acceptable levels of the hazard in the finished product shall be determined and documented.

  • 2.7.3 - The HACCP food safety team shall consider the control measures necessary to prevent or eliminate a food safety hazard or reduce it to an acceptable level. Where the control is achieved through existing prerequisite programs, this shall be stated and the adequacy of the program to control the specific hazard validated. Consideration may be given to using more than one control measure.

2.8 DETERMINE THE CRITICAL CONTROL POINTS (CCP) - CODEX ALIMENTARIUS STEP 7, PRINCIPLE 2

  • 2.8.1 - For each hazard that requires control, control points shall be reviewed to identify those that are critical. This requires a logical approach and may be facilitated by use of a decision tree. CCPs shall be those control points which are required in order to prevent or eliminate a food safety hazard or reduce it to an acceptable level. If a hazard is identified at a step where control is necessary for safety but the control does not exist, the product or process shall be modified at that step, or at an earlier or later step, to provide a control measure.




  • 2.8.1 - For each hazard that requires control, control points shall be reviewed to identify those that are critical. This requires a logical approach and may be facilitated by use of a decision tree. CCPs shall be those control points which are required in order to prevent or eliminate a food safety hazard or reduce it to an acceptable level. If a hazard is identified at a step where control is necessary for safety but the control does not exist, the product or process shall be modified at that step, or at an earlier or later step, to provide a control measure.




2.9 ESTABLISH CRITICAL LIMITS FOR EACH CCP - CODEX ALIMENTARIUS STEP 8, PRINCIPLE 3

  • 2.9.1 - For each CCP, the appropriate critical limits shall be defined in order to identify clearly whether the process is in or out of control. Critical limits shall be:

    - Measurable wherever possible, e.g., time, temperature, pH
    - Supported by clear guidance or examples where measures are subjective, e.g., photographs.

  • 2.9.2 - The HACCP food safety team shall validate each CCP. Documented evidence shall show that the control measures selected and critical limits identified are capable of consistently controlling the hazard to the specified acceptable level.

2.10 ESTABLISH A MONITORING SYSTEM FOR EACH CCP - CODEX ALIMENTARIUS STEP 9, PRINCIPLE 4

  • 2.10.1 - A monitoring procedure shall be established for each CCP to ensure compliance with critical limits. The monitoring system shall be able to detect loss of control of CCPs and wherever possible provide information in time for corrective action to be taken. As a guide, consideration may be given to the following, although this is not an exhaustive list:

    - Online measurement
    - Offline measurement
    - Continuous measurement, e.g., thermographs, pH meters, etc.
    Where discontinuous measurement is used, the system shall ensure that the sample taken is representative of the batch of product.

  • 2.10.2 - Records associated with the monitoring of each CCP shall include the date, time, and result of measurement and shall be signed by the person responsible for the monitoring and verified, when appropriate, by an authorized person. Where records are in electronic form there shall be evidence that records have been checked and verified.

2.11 ESTABLISH A CORRECTIVE ACTION PLAN - CODEX ALIMENTARIUS STEP 10, PRINCIPLE 5

  • 2.11.1 - The HACCP food safety team shall specify and document the corrective action to be taken when monitored results indicate a failure to meet a control limit, or when monitored results indicate a trend toward loss of control. This shall include the action to be taken by nominated personnel with regard to any products that have been manufactured during the period when the process was out of control.

2.12 ESTABLISH VERIFICATION PROCEDURES - CODEX ALIMENTARIUS STEP 11, PRINCIPLE 6

  • 2.12.1 - Procedures of verification shall be established to confirm that the HACCP plan, including controls managed by prerequisite programs, continues to be effective. Examples of verification activities include:

    - Internal audits
    - Review of records where acceptable limits have been exceeded
    - Review of complaints by enforcement authorities or customers
    - Review of incidents of product withdrawal or recall.

    Results of verification shall be recorded and communicated to the HACCP food safety team.

2.13 HACCP DOCUMENTATION AND RECORD KEEPING - CODEX ALIMENTARIUS STEP 12, PRINCIPLE 7

  • 2.13.1 - Documentation and record keeping shall be sufficient to enable the company to verify that the HACCP controls, including controls managed by prerequisite programs, are in place and maintained.



2.14 REVIEW THE HACCP PLAN

  • 2.14.1 - The HACCP food safety team shall review the HACCP plan and prerequisite programs at least annually and prior to any changes which may affect product safety. As a guide, these may include the following, although this is not an exhaustive list:

    - Change in raw materials or supplier of raw materials
    - Change in ingredients/recipe
    - Change in processing conditions or equipment
    - Change in packaging, storage or distribution conditions
    - Change in consumer use
    - Emergence of a new risk, for example adulteration of an ingredient
    -Following a recall
    - New developments in scientific information associated with ingredients, process or product.

    Appropriate changes resulting from the review shall be incorporated into the HACCP plan and/or prerequisite programs, fully documented, and validation recorded.

  • Add signature

The templates available in our Public Library have been created by our customers and employees to help get you started using SafetyCulture's solutions. The templates are intended to be used as hypothetical examples only and should not be used as a substitute for professional advice. You should seek your own professional advice to determine if the use of a template is permissible in your workplace or jurisdiction. Any ratings or scores displayed in our Public Library have not been verified by SafetyCulture for accuracy. Users of our platform may provide a rating or score that is incorrect or misleading. You should independently determine whether the template is suitable for your circumstances. You can use our Public Library to search based on criteria such as industry and subject matter. Search results are based on their relevance to your search and other criteria. We may feature checklists based on subject matters we think may be of interest to our customers.