Reading Literature

  • Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what a text says or infers.

  • Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text.

  • Describe in depth a character setting or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text.

  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.

  • Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the strucural elements of poems and dramas.

  • Compare and contrast points of view from different stories including the difference between first- and third-person narrations.

  • Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions.

  • Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics and patterns of events in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures.

  • Read and comprehend literature of appropriate complexity.

Reading Informational Text

  • Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining.

  • Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details.

  • Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, based on specific information.

  • Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.

  • Describe the overall structure of events, ideas, concepts or information in a text or part of a text.

  • Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic; describe the differences in focus and information provided.

  • Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text.

  • Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.

  • Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

  • Read and comprehend texts appropriate for grades 4-5.

Foundational Skills

  • Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

  • Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.


  • Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.

  • Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

  • Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.

  • Use technology to produce and publish.

  • Develop and strenghten writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing.

  • Produce clear and coherent writing in which development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

  • Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.

  • Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print or digital sources; take notes and categorize information and provide a list of sources

  • Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

  • Write routinely over extended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

Speaking and Listening

  • Engage effectively in a range of group discussions with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on other's ideas and expressing their own clearly.

  • Paraphrase portions of a text, read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively and orally.

  • Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.

  • Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an expierence in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.

  • Add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.

  • Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English and situations where informal discourse is appropriate; use formal English when appropriate to task and situation.

Language Standards

  • Demonstrate command of English grammar and usage.

  • Demonstrate command of English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling.

  • Clarify the meaning of unkown and multiple0meaning words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

  • Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

  • Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being and that are basic to a particular topic.

  • Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

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