Ward / Department selection

Select date

A. Receipt and Recording

1. A sample signature list of staff who are authorised to order CDs is available on the ward (preferably within close proximity to the CD cabinet).

NOTE: This list requires updating at least once a year from the date signed by the ward / department manager.

2. There is an approved current stock list of CDs held on the ward / department and it reflects the current patterns of usage.

3. The CD Order Book, Returns Book (if applicable), Record Book and Patients' Own Record Book(s) are kept in a locked cupboard or drawer with restricted access.

4. All CD Order Books, Record Books, Returns Books (if applicable) and Patients' Own Record Book(s) are in good repair (covers are intact, there are no loose or missing pages, and there are no holes in any of the pages).

5. There are signatures and dates in the active CD Order Book(s) to demonstrate that receipt of such drugs is not regularly carried out by the same person who ordered them.

NOTE: Flick through a random sample of pages in all active CD Order book(s).

6. The CD Record Book confirms that TWO practitioners, designated by the local medicines policy, always check and administer CDs.

NOTE: Check every page of all active registers.

7. CD stock and administration records are fully maintained in the CD Record Book(s) and there is a running balance for each drug.

NOTE: The balance may be written in words instead of figures to reduce the likelihood of entries being altered. Entries must be in chronological order, with a separate page for each type and strength of drug, and the pages must be clearly identifiable.

8. CDs are reconciled by the nursing staff / ODPs against the CD Record Book(s) at regular intervals. A record of these checks is kept.

9. Errors are bracketed or cancelled with a single line, in such a way that the original entry is still visible. All errors are acknowledged with a signature, date and brief explanation in the margin or at the bottom of the page.

NOTE: Obliteration of an entry or use of correction fluid is unacceptable.

10. On reaching the end of the page in the CD Record Book, the balance is transferred to a new page and witnessed, the new page number is entered into the 'carried forward to page....' section at the bottom of the previous page, and the index is updated.

NOTE: Check every page of all active registers.

11. CD Order and Record Books are retained in a secure location for TWO YEARS from the date of the final entry or SEVEN YEARS if any record refers to the destruction of CDs on a ward / department.

B. Storage

12. There is awareness of a Trust procedure for handling and storage of CDs; either a hard copy or an electronic copy (e.g. Intranet) is available to the ward / department.

13. The ward / department CD cabinet conforms to British Standard Reference BS2881 or is approved by pharmacy.

NOTE: If non-compliant, report to the Accountable Officer.

14. Each of the following are clearly identifiable and are kept separate from one another as far as is practical:

a) Epidurals (these must be clearly identifiable as epidurals)
b) Diamorphine / morphine injections 30mg or above (should be labelled 'HIGH STRENGTH')
c) Patients' own CDs
d) Expired CDs and inpatient CDs that are no longer required (these should be removed by pharmacy staff, in line with local procedures, before / after the audit - time permitting)

15. ALL stock within the CD cabinet is reconciled to the CD Record Book(s) on the day of the audit.

16. Information is available about medicines to identify each CD and its uses e.g. current BNF.

17. The CDs reconciled on the day of the audit are fit for purpose i.e. they are in date, suitable for use and in the original container issued by pharmacy.

NOTE: Action to be taken if stock expires within THREE months.

C. Access

18. The key to the CD cabinet is kept on the authorised nurse in charge or designated member of staff who is readily identifiable. The CD cabinet key is on a separate key ring to the other drug keys.

NOTE: The CD key(s) should be separate to the other drug cabinet keys so that it remains on the person in charge at all times and, where applicable, two members of staff need to be involved in accessing CDs. The nurse / ODP in charge is responsible for CD security.

D. Patients' Own Medicines

19. Patient consent is obtained prior to the destruction and disposal of patients' own CDs.

E. Waste and Disposal

20. There is a local procedure for the destruction of CDs and entries in the CD Record Book confirm that this is followed.

21. There is provision for the secure disposal of individual or part-contents-of-ampoule doses of CDs which are prepared but not administered; this includes half-tablets where only half is administered, spillages / breakages and larger quantities of part-used CDs such as PCAs and epidurals.

NOTE: CDs must be disposed of in such a way that there is no possibility of retrieval; they must NEVER be thrown into the general waste, sink or sluice and it is only acceptable to discard CDs in the blue medicines waste containers after they have been denatured via a CD destruction kit or mixed with absorbent cat litter.

22. Where part of a CD requires disposal at ward / department level (as above), records are kept and the method of disposal is noted e.g. 'via DOOP kit'.

F. Reporting

23. The Trust has a policy for reporting and investigating CD discrepancies; either a hard copy or an electronic copy (e.g. Intranet) is available to the ward / department.

Completed by



Please note that this checklist is a hypothetical example and provides basic information only. It is not intended to take the place of, among other things, workplace, health and safety advice; medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment; or other applicable laws. You should also seek your own professional advice to determine if the use of such checklist is permissible in your workplace or jurisdiction.