Title Page

  • Site conducted

  • Audit Title

  • Client / Site

  • Address
  • Site photo

  • Prepared by

  • Persons involved with this audit

  • Date of audit

Swimming Pool Audit

  • Type of pool

Pool Dimensions (Main or only pool)

  • Minimum Depth (metres)

  • Maximum Depth (metres)

  • Length of Pool (metres)

  • Width of Pool

  • Approximate Surface Area (m2)

  • Is there a learner pool?

Pool Dimensions (Learner)

  • Minimum Depth (metres)

  • Maximum Depth (metres)

  • Length of Pool (metres)

  • Width of Pool

  • Approximate Surface Area (m2)

  • Any additional information (such as max bathing load etc.).


  • Is there a signed and dated copy of the Health and Safety Policy

  • When was the Policy last reviewed? (Default to 1st of the month if exact date in unknown)

  • Has the policy been satisfactorily provided to staff?


  • Does the organisation have nominated key individuals with health and safety responsibilities?

  • Detail those people below (if applicable).

  • undefined

  • undefined

  • undefined

  • undefined

  • Are the above persons responsibilities documented?

  • i.e. contained within job description or organisation section.

  • Is there an appointed 'Competent Person' for safety

  • Is their experience and training believed adequate?

  • Provide the details within the notes section above.

  • Is their method of communicating with their staff on H&S issues (risks and controls) adequate?


  • Within a swimming pool arrangements will generally comprise of:
    - Details of the hazards and SWW/precautions for avoiding them
    - Arrangements for dealing with injury and providing I, I, T, S to ensure SSW are followed etc.

  • These are available:

Risk Assessments

  • Are documented risk assessments available for review?

  • Do site specific documented risk assessment cover the foreseeable hazards found within this swimming pool to the public and employees?

  • Do risk assessments cover pool tank access?

  • Do risk assessments cover pool tank profile and detail?

  • Do risk assessments cover pool inlets and outlets?

  • Do risk assessments cover pool supervision?<br>No. Of lifeguards<br>Training<br>Supervision aids<br>Location and rotation of lifeguards<br>Scanning methods

  • Do risk assessments cover pool water clarity?

  • Do risk assessments cover poolside electrical equipment?

  • Do risk assessments cover diving into the pool?

  • Do risk assessments cover inflatables?

  • Do risk assessments cover under 8's?

  • Do risk assessments cover weak swimmers?

  • Do risk assessments cover special needs users?

  • Do risk assessments cover the consumption of food and drink e.g. Children's parties?

  • Do risk assessments cover first aid provision?

  • Is it clear who carried out the risk assessments and when?

  • Is there evidence of training on risk assessment?

  • Has the organisation reviewed risk assessments within the expected target to review them?

  • Date of the most recent reviewed risk assessment

  • Last risk assessment review was completed by:

  • Is there evidence that staff have received information on the significant findings/precautions?

  • Any further comments regarding risk assessment.

Pool Safety Operating Procedure

  • Is there a pool safety operating procedure specific to the pool that contains: Normal Operating Plan (NOP) (daily plan) and Emergency Action Plan (emergency)?

  • Are they available to staff and for inspection?

  • Does the NOP cover details of layout (depth, plan of pool)?

  • Does the NOP cover dealing with the public (communication, signs)?

  • Does the NOP cover lifeguard duties (supervision, training, numbers)?

  • Does the NOP cover systems of work (rotation and max poolside working)?

  • Does the NOP cover operational systems (controlling access)?

  • Does the NOP cover detailed work instructions (poolside cleaning)?

  • Does the NOP cover first aid and training (plus equipment required)?

  • Does the NOP cover hire arrangements?

  • Does the NOP cover the hazards identified?

  • Does the NOP cover activity related risks?

  • Does the NOP cover diving boards?

  • Does the NOP cover inflatables?

  • Does the Emergency Action Plan (EAP) cover overcrowding?

  • Does the Emergency Action Plan (EAP) cover lack of water quality?

  • Does the Emergency Action Plan (EAP) cover fire?

  • Does the Emergency Action Plan (EAP) cover lighting failure?

  • Does the Emergency Action Plan (EAP) cover emission of toxic gas (evacuation)?

  • Does the Emergency Action Plan (EAP) cover serious injury to a bather?

  • Does the Emergency Action Plan (EAP) cover discovery of a casualty in the water?

  • Who prepared the NOP/EAP?

  • When was the NOP/EAP prepared?

  • Is the NOP/EAP regularly reviewed and has the organisation met its target date to review?

  • Review date of the NOP:

  • Review date of the EAP:

  • Who carried out the review?

  • Does the risk NOP reflect the areas covered in the risk assessment?

  • Is there evidence that staff have received information and training on the NOP/EAP?

Poolside Supervision

  • Have the arrangements for supervision at the pool been identified by risk assessment taking into account A) the nature of the pool/structure, B) the way the pool is used at any particular time and C) pool users (I.e. weak swimmers)?

  • Does the pool have require and have constant supervision by Lifeguards?

  • The pool requires constant supervision by lifeguards because:

Lifeguard Training

  • Are Lifeguards trained to a suitable level (I.e. RLSS, NPLQ or STA: NARS) in order to demonstrate an appropriate level of competence in the following:<br>Role of the lifeguard and responsibilities;<br>Pool observation and supervision;<br>Drowning;<br>Use of poolside equipment and,<br>CPR, first aid and spinal cord injury management.

  • Was the person(s) who carried out the training qualified and competent?

  • Does an independent body reassess lifeguards every 24 months?

  • Site Specific Training (initial)

  • What are the arrangements for providing lifeguards with site specific knowledge and training on the PSOP procedures?

  • Comments

  • Are records kept of the initial training evaluation?

  • Site Specific Training (ongoing)

  • Are there arrangements provided for regular ongoing training and assessment?

  • (Above): 1 training session of 1 hour every 4 weeks is the minimum and must include CPR training.

  • Is there a training plan which requires that all staff receive a comprehensive range of refresher training (wet and dry)?

  • (Above note): this should include
    times swims and rescue methods
    Simulated incident training
    A dive to the bottom of the deepest part of the pool to recover a manikin
    Use of poolside rescue equipment
    Revisions to PSOP
    Refresher training in supervision and scanning techniques

  • Are there records of such training training sessions maintained showing who, when, where and what was covered in each session?

  • Does the ongoing programme have minimum frequencies of attendance specified and monitored (competency assessment)?

  • Does the programme consider casual and part time staff?

  • Training record check (check 3 individuals at random)

  • Individual one: Name

  • Date of NPLQ qualification

  • Is 'on going' training attendance consistent for the last 4 months?

  • Individual two: Name

  • Date of NPLQ qualification

  • Is 'on going' training attendance consistent for the last 4 months?

  • Individual three: Name

  • Date of NPLQ qualification

  • Is 'on going' training attendance consistent for the last 4 months?

Lifeguards & Equipment

  • Public sessions (un-programmed)

  • No. of LG to swimmers

  • LG Positions

  • Zoning system for each LG to scan?

  • Private Swimming Club (programmed)

  • No. of LG to swimmers?

  • LG positions

  • Zoning system for each LG to scan?

  • Inflatables

  • No. of LG to swimmers

  • LG positions

  • Zoning system for each LG to scan?

  • Does the NOP detail the above especially the zones of supervision and LG positions?

  • Do lifeguard positions meet the recommended 10:20 system?

  • (Above note: Scan their zone of supervision in 10 seconds and close enough to get to an incident within 20 seconds)

  • Is the high risk zone (1.3-1.5m) where weak swimmers get out of their depth monitored sufficiently by a LG position?

  • Is the maximum length of time that a LG is on duty at the poolside acceptable?

  • Above note: industry guidance is for a maximum of 90 minutes with good practice 60 minutes

  • Do Lifeguards rotate positions regularly within their supervision periods?

  • Are the duty periods monitored and enforced?

  • What type of chair are the lifeguards provided with?

  • Are the LG/chairs in the positions detailed in the NOP for the type of session taking place at the time of the inspection?

  • Are the chairs located in the best positions?

  • Above note: consider windows behind the LG and elevated

  • Are the chairs set back from the pool and if so are there any blind spots?

  • Do the lifeguards wear distinctive clothing?

  • Do lifeguards carry whistles?

  • Do lifeguards have access to life saving equipment at all times?

  • Do lifeguards have a means of summoning assistance when only one lifeguard is on duty?

  • Is there a poolside alarm?

  • Is the alarm clearly labelled?

  • Is the alarm tested a suitable intervals

  • Are the tests logged?

  • Where does the alarm sound?

  • Is there an emergency stop control that shuts down the suction flow in the event of entrapment?

  • Is the emergency stop control tested regularly?

  • Is CCTV provided of the poolside?

  • Any comment:

  • Where CCTV is required and fitted; is the footage recorded?

  • Is monitoring of the poolside CCTV footage adequate?

Supervision Aids to Lifeguards

  • Have supervision aids been considered?

  • Where supervision aids have been implemented, are they working as intended?

Lifeguard Behaviour

  • Are Lifeguards supervised? How?

  • Is there evidence of Lifeguards standing together and talking?

  • Do they have adequate staff cover or contingency plans to cope with staff not attending work?

  • Are Lifeguards prohibited from taking mobile phones onto the poolside or in an adjacent location where they can access them?

  • Are there any Lifeguards with other jobs?

  • Do Lifeguards know who is in charge at anytime?

External Clubs

  • Is the pool hired out to external clubs?

  • Who provides supervision at these times?

  • Is supervision detailed in the hiring agreement?

  • Does the Pool Operator monitor that appropriately qualified staff are on duty?

  • Who carries out the checks? (Name and position)

  • Are safety requirements built into the written agreement with the club?

  • Can it be proved how the relevant sections of the PSOP are made known to the clubs?

  • Are there arrangements in place to ensure the clubs are in compliance?

  • Are details provided by the clubs detailing the training provided and are these checks recorded by the Pool Operator?


  • Is poolside cleaning regularly carried out? How often?

  • Is a cleaning schedule available to demonstrate when and how cleaning is completed?

  • Is pool cleaning equipment available to staff?

  • Observation: Is the observed level of cleaning acceptable?

  • Is there a procedure to follow if solid faeces is found in the pool?

  • Above note: expected answer would consist of remove Asaph by scoop, test water, increase free chlorine and backwash

  • Is there a procedure to be followed if non-faeces is found in the pool?

  • This will include: Close the pool

  • Bathers leave and shower

  • Maintain disinfectant levels at top of range

  • Vacuum the pool

  • Use a coagulant and filter for six turnover cycles

  • Backwash the filters

Accidents & First Aid

  • Accidents

  • Is the operator clear that the following incidents are reportable within set timescales? Employee killed or suffers major injury

  • Member of the public killed or suffers major injury

  • Dangerous occurrence (such as failure of lift, release of any substance with potential to damage health)

  • Employee admitted to hospital for more than 24 hrs

  • Over 7 day injury to an employee

  • Are there any accident trends evident?

  • Is there any evidence of investigation and feedback to risk assessment?

  • First Aid

  • Is first aid equipment properly stored and specialised equipment including PPE close to where it is required?

  • Is equipment regularly checked to ensure it remains in good condition?

  • Do Lifeguards have access to face masks to separate themselves from direct contact with the casualty when resuscitating?

  • Are Lifeguards trained in the use of face masks?

  • If there are defibrillators on site, do operators receive regular refresher training? (60 to 90 days)

  • Is the battery status on the defibrillator checked regularly?

  • Are the pads in date?

  • Is the defibrillator accompanied by scissors for cutting clothing and towel to dry swimmers before use?

Design & Structure

  • Access

  • Is admission to the pool adequately controlled to prevent overcrowding? (Such as at point of entry and inside the pool hall by lifeguards)

  • Are there arrangements in place concerning admission of under 8's during in-programmed sessions under the supervision of one adult e.g. parties?

  • Above note: 1 adult to 2 under 8's

  • Is access to the pool prevented when unsupervised?

  • In open air pools are these deterrents implemented to prevent unauthorised use?

  • Comment:

  • Where pool covers are used as the primary means of preventing bathers access, are they secured continuously around the edges and capable of supporting the weight of a person falling onto them?

  • Is access to the pool hall from the changing rooms located close to water deeper than 1.2 metres?

  • Is so, are additional controls in place such as barriers, warning signs, LG have clear view of entry point?

  • Circulation Around the Pool

  • Are there abrupt changes in floor level that could cause a trip? (Consider steps, footbaths, upstands (to contain shower or hosing down water).

  • Does the floor of the pool surround have a good slip resistance or are there warning signs in place?

  • Slip and trip hazards are reduced by:

  • If possible to ascertain, is the cleaning regime in accordance with the manufacturers recommendations?

  • Are emergency exits blocked or poorly signed?

  • Pool Tank

  • Are there abrupt changes in depth?

  • Above note: Excessive changes in depth should be avoided in water less than 1.5m depth - not greater than1 in 15

  • If applicable, are changes in depth clearly identified by use of colour contrasted materials?

  • Are water depth signs in place and not obstructed?

  • Is there a 'No weak swimmers past this point' sign?

  • Does the colour of the pool lining allow a child to be seen on the bottom of the pool?

  • How does the pool operator ensure the tank floor finish is not slippery particularly in shallow water areas?

  • Is the pool edge colour contrasted with the pool water?

  • Are there any sharp exposed edges to tiled finish, including cracked/broken and/or missing tiles that could cause injury to bathers?

  • Does the inlet and outlets of the pool water circulation system have secured grilles that prevent entrapment?

  • Above note: should be less than 8mm

  • How many outlets are there per suction line?

  • Above note: at least 2 outlets to each suction line at sufficient distance apart to prevent a body being drawn

  • Do handrails have excessive movement that could lead to trapped limbs or loss of balance?

  • Diving

  • Is diving allowed during in-programmed sessions?

  • If 'No', are prohibition signs displayed?

  • Is diving permitted into separate pool?

  • Is diving allowed in a segregated area?

  • If yes, are instructions displayed?

  • Is there diving board?

  • If yes, platforms more than 2 metres above the poolside should have a suitable guard and mid-rails. Is this the case ?

  • Is there authorised access only to the diving equipment? (Supervision and controls)

  • Are the boards and metalwork protected from corrosion?

  • Are the boards surface slip resistant?

  • Hoists

  • Are hoists available to assist those with disabilities gaining access to the pool?

  • Have operators been trained in the use of the hoist by a competent person? (Records available?)

  • Is the hoist(s) labelled with a safe working load (SWL)?

  • Has the hoist and accessories been formally inspected within the last six months?

  • Date of last inspection

  • Moveable floors

  • Are there suitable measures to prevent bathers gaining access to the underside of the floor when raised? (Such as hinged flap, moving bulkhead which mates with floor etc.)

  • Are entrapment hazards around the edge of the floor addressed? (Such as flexible rubber gasket to fill gaps)

  • Is the water depth indicated to bathers?

  • Is diving controlled? (Such as electronically operated 'No Diving' signs, diving facilities not accessible to bathers etc.)

  • Water Slides

  • Is there signage displayed at the base and launch?

  • Are entry/exit points supervised?

  • Is there controlled entry so that riders are spaced?

Lighting & Glazing

  • Lighting type?

  • Do illumination levels appear sufficient?

  • Is Emergency Lighting checked daily?

  • Are there large areas of glazing adjacent to the pool?

  • Is this examined within the pool operators risk assessment?

  • Does window design/positioning cause excessive glare and specular reflection?

  • How is glare on the pool surface controlled?

  • If 'other' selected, please provide detail:

  • Above note: if glare is a problem it must be addressed in NOP

Pool/Hall Visibility, Temperature & Ventilation

  • Is the clarity of the water constantly monitored?

  • What is the stated clarity level specified in the PSOP?

  • Is the pool water temperature monitored?

  • Is it between 27-29 degrees C?

  • Is the air temperature measured?

  • Is the air temperature 1 degree C above water temperature? (Is there justification if not)

  • Is there a procedure for incorrect air/pool temperature?

  • What type of pool hall ventilation is provided?

  • Is the ventilation system subjected to 3 monthly inspections with records?

  • Is the ventilation system fitted with audible/visual warning alarm to warn of equipment failure?

Pool Water Treatment System

  • Chemical Storage

  • Are the chemicals clearly marked to indicate contents and safety information?

  • Is there adequate natural or mechanical ventilation?

  • Are chemicals segregated within the storeroom?

  • Above note: e.g. Chlorine based disinfectants and acids due to chlorine gas release on inadvertent mixing

  • Is each chemical in a separate bund?

  • Above note: each bund capacity should be cable of holding 110% of chemical being stored

  • Chemical Handling

  • Are mixing areas well ventilated?

  • Above note: applicable where chlorine gas or liquid bromine are used

  • Are respirators provided where there is a risk of chlorine or bromine gas release?

  • Is there an eye wash station nearby and in the plant room?

  • Water Filtration

  • Type of filters used? E.g. Sand or other, specify

  • Is the frequency of back washing to clean the filters adequate?

  • Above note: back washing should be completed weekly

  • Is the time that back washing is completed suitable?

  • Above note: should be undertaken when pool is not in use as this practice lowers the water levels

  • Is the backwashing water suitably stored prior to being slowly released into mains drainage?

  • Does it have a suitable filtration rate?

  • Water Disinfection

  • Are there any concerns regarding the type of disinfectant used?

  • Above note:
    - Calcium Hypochlorite, a dry compound and must be stored in sealed containers, no smoking
    - Sodium Hypochlorite, a liquid and must be separate to any liquid acid to avoid inadvertent direct mixing
    - Chlorinated Isocyanurates, granular and must be kept away from combustibles
    - Chlorine Gas, is not recommended as it requires specifically designed storage areas for chlorine cylinders

  • The type of disinfectant used is:

  • If other is selected, please specify

  • What is the method of dosing disinfectant and acid?

  • Above note:
    Manual dosing, this should no longer be in practice apart from verifying the operation of an auto system.
    Automatic, is the preferred. Automatic alters the disinfectant or ph levels to the required levels in response to continual monitoring.

  • Are disinfectants dosed before the filters?

  • Are pH adjusting chemicals added after the filters?

  • Is there a suitable and sufficient water testing programme in place with records maintained?

  • Above note:
    - in a pool where dosing is controlled manually, pool to be tested prior to use and every 2 hours through to closing.
    - in a pool fitted with automatic controllers that measure disinfectant and vary the dose rate, manual testing of the water before the water before the pool is used, after cessation of use and one intermediate test.

Pool Readings

  • Free Chlorine (most important) - guidance between 1.5-4.5mg
    Combined (poor disinfectant) - guidance says it should be a third of Free Chlorine
    Total Chlorine - guidance 4-5mg
    Br liquid -
    pH (prevent corrosion) - guidance 7.4-7.6
    Sulphate (tiled pools) - guidance 1-3mg
    Colour - no standard just clear

  • Date and time of most recent reading

  • Free Chlorine (mg):

  • Combined (mg):

  • Total Chlorine (mg):

  • Br liquid:

  • pH level:

  • Sulphate (mg):

  • Colour:

  • Readings (previous results)

  • Date and time of previous results

  • Free Chlorine (mg):

  • Combined (mg):

  • Total Chlorine (mg):

  • Br liquid:

  • pH level:

  • Sulphate (mg):

  • Colour:

  • Comments:

  • Can the competence be evidenced for those taking the tests? ( such as managers pool plant room training, online training etc.)

  • Is there a poolside test kit available and in date?

  • Above note:
    Capable to test for:
    - Disinfectant residue (DOD reagent in date)
    - pH (Phenol red reagent in date)
    - Colour standards have upper and lower limits

  • Is monthly bacteriological testing completed with readings satisfactory?

  • Above note:
    Less than 10 TVC per 100ml (Total Viable Count unspecified bacteria)
    Less than 10 coliforms per 100ml
    Less than 10 pseudomonas per 100ml
    Free from E.coli
    Free from Staphylococcus per 100ml
    Free from faecal streptococcus per 100ml

  • Any further comments on test results:

  • Fail Safe Systems
    (Risk - where calcium or sodium hypochlorite and acid are dosed it can release chlorine gas)

  • With the automatic chemical dosing is the 1) Chlorine injection system negative pressure and 2) Chlorine gas line fitted with a vacuum operated regulator?

  • If no to either of the above does the water circulation system have:<br>- an interlocking device whereby if water circulation fails, dosing is stopped?<br>- a flow measuring device to reduce the dosing level if water level drops?<br>- are calcium/sodium hypochlorite and acid injection points at least 1 metre for each other?<br>- Hypochlorite injection point before the filter, acid dosing point after the filter?

  • Guidance note: where water circulation stops or is reduced and automatic dosing continues it can produce a build up of hypochlorite and acid which react to produce chlorine gas.

Miscellaneous items

  • Are there any other issues of evident concern? (Item 1)

  • Are there any other issues of evident concern? (Item 2)

  • Are there any other issues of evident concern? (Item 3)

  • Are there any other issues of evident concern? (Item 4)

  • Are there any other issues of evident concern? (Item 5)

  • Other general comments:

Sign off

Sign off by persons present

  • Signature by person primarily interviewed

  • Signature of auditor

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